I go on about it a lot but productivity is the core of economic growth and undertsanding its importance is crucial to having a reasonable chance of understanding how an industry may evolve. Brad De Long makes this clear when discussing the iPhone X;
Consider the 256 GB memory iPhone X: Implemented in vacuum tubes in 1957, the transistors in an iPhoneX alone would have:
cost 150 trillion of today’s dollars: one and a half times today’s global annual product
taken up a hundred-story square building 300 meters high, and 3 kilometers long and wide
drawn 150 terawatts of power—30 times the world’s current generating capacity
Renewable also energy seems to be in a marked phase of marked productivity improvement:
I am not predicting the end of oil already: it is simply too efficient on an output basis. but in the long run everything is a productivity game, the supply curve in oil is just a very long run curve that requires technology to fundamentally change it. And for offshore it isn’t doing that much at the moment. The risk here is that large E&P companies reduce their focus on CapEx for offshore, which becomes self-fulfilling because it prompts infrastructure investments that make renewables even more efficient. Most commentators believe this productivity surge has a long way to go with maybe a 20-30% further cost reduction by 2030.
And big institutions have the investment narrative that says this is hot with Blackrock Infratsructure (who admittedly have their own agenda to raise money) backing a shift in energy sources:
During a recent interview, Jim Barry, a managing director of BlackRock and global head of the investment firm’s Infrastructure and Investment Group, recently declared that “coal is dead.” While he acknowledged that coal will still be part of many countries’ energy portfolios, Barry said any investor who is seeking returns from coal beyond 10 years from now is “gambling very significantly.”…
And largely due to the cheap cost of renewables, Barry and BlackRock are sanguine about these technologies’ future. Barry was also optimistic during the interview on the outlook for electric cars, due to their improved range and the declining cost of battery storage. While talk of “peak oil” has been underway for years, Barry views the oil markets through a different lens, insisting that “peak demand,” not just supply, is a dynamic that investors should not ignore. As consumers embrace electric vehicles, the demand for oil will continue to decline – with the end result a cloudy future for conventional energy companies with large oil reserves on their books.
Don’t for a second underestimate the fact that senior managers at large E&P companies see investors like this as their boss and seek to deliver messages that please them.
I think some of the big mergers will help integrated solutions deliver productivity to make oil more competitive. But production productivity, and not just demand, will be crucial for the future of offshore production. The core of productivity improvements is generally mass production of all components in the supply chain by a small number of vast tier one suppliers and a network of subcontractors (who make minimal margins), and this is almost antithetical to the entire make-up of offshore. Change is coming.